First prepare the coffee and pour it in a bowl and allow to cool off, add 2 tablespoons sugar or sweeten to taste.
Mix the egg yolks with 45g sugar, and mix until you obtain a creamy light mixture. Work the mascarpone in a bowl using a wooden spoon, making sure you eliminate any lumps, then add the mascarpone to the sugar-egg mixture and continue to mix well.
In a separate bowl, mix the egg whites, pinch of salt, and the remaining sugar, until they reach a somewhat firm, but fluffy consistency, then add them to the mascarpone mixture. Stir in the rum, if using
Dip the savoiardi biscuits in the coffee, and one by one lay them flat into a tray, making sure you do not soak the biscuits, as you want to make sure they maintain their firmness. Once the first layer of biscuits has been laid out, spread a layer of the mascarpone cream on top, and dust with 1 tablespoon cocoa powder
Now, again, prepare another layer of coffee-dipped biscuits, cream and cocoa powder. Garnish the top of the cake with the shaved dark chocolate.
Cover the tray with plastic wrap and refrigerate for about 3 hours so the flavors can marry and the tiramisu can settle.