10 wonderful places on the way to extinction.
At the top of the ranking is India’s number one tourist attraction, Taj Mahal, part of UNESCO’s heritage. According to the chart, the world-famous mausoleum is about to close in almost five years, due to air pollution that is ruining the appearance of the building. The problems with the polluted air are not new, and the measures taken to protect the museum have failed, according to “The Guardian”.
10.Galapagos Islands Why they disappear. Tourism has increased by 12% every year. Hotels, restaurants and vehicles have stolen little by little from the beauty of these isolated islands once. Bringing other animals to the island, other than the ones found on the fauna of the place, has endangered the natural beauty. Over 75% of reptiles and birds are endemic. In 2011, the islands were visited by 272,000 visitors, with mass tourism being the main cause of environmental and wildlife damage in Galapagos. Remaining time.. Unknown
9.Venice is nearing the end Some of them will close their gates in front of the public, while others will no longer have the power to resist nature.
Venice Why it disappears. Venice has been sinking for a long time, but the rising sea level has made the situation much more dramatic. The frequency of floods has increased every year, raising the question: how long can Venice fight to stay afloat? Mass tourism is a factor that contributes to the defeat of the city. In 2007, 21 million tourists visited Venice, 40 times more than the local population. If in 1900, 10 floods were reported per year, in the 2000s their number increased to 60. The sea level increases every year by 4-6 mm, being the main cause of the city’s collapse. Remaining time. Less than 70 years.
8.Maldives Why do they disappear. The Maldives are the lowest in the world: over 80% of the islands, ie 960 out of 1,200, are located just one meter above sea level. The situation is so serious that, in 2008, the president of the smallest Asian country (both in population and extent) announced to the government that it is time to start buying land in other countries, including India, for the inhabitants who will be left without houses. Remaining time. Less than 100 years.
7.The Great Barrier Reef. Why it disappears. Rising ocean temperatures, water pollution, ocean acidification and cyclone damage have caused massive coral discoloration. It is estimated that 60% of coral reefs worldwide will disappear by 2030. 8,000 years of natural creation may disappear during our lifetime. Australia’s largest coral reef covers 347,800 square kilometers – more than the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK at one place. It is the only living organism that can be seen from space and contains 3,000 coral reefs, made up of 350 species of corals. Remaining time. Less than 100 years.
6.The Dead Sea Why it disappears. In the last four decades, the salt lake has shrunk by a third and sank by 24 meters. It has the highest salinity, respectively 33.7%, with a density of 1.24 kilograms of salt per liter of water, which makes swimming equal to the float. The water level drops by 1.2 meters per year, because it receives less and less water from the Jordan River. Remaining time. Less than 50 years.
5.The Alps Why they disappear. The European Alps have a lower altitude than the Rocky Mountains, which makes them much more sensitive to the effects of global warming. Temperatures have doubled compared to the average global temperature of the 19th century. Glaciers in the Alps could disappear by 2050.They lost 20% of their size since 1980, the main cause being global warming. Remaining time. Less than 40 years.
4.Madagascar Why it disappears. If nothing is done to save the fourth largest island in the world, its forests and unique inhabitants, such as lemurs, will disappear in 35 years. Forest ecosystems were destroyed by deforestation, agricultural fires and poaching. More than 80% of Madagascar’s flora and fauna, there is nowhere else in the world. Remaining time. Less than 35 years.
3.Congo river basin Why is it disappearing. According to the United Nation, two-thirds of forests, flora and fauna could disappear by 2040, unless drastic measures are taken to protect the area. 10 million acres of forest are degraded every year due to mining, agriculture and guerrilla warfare. It is the second largest tropical forest, after Amazon. And tropical forests produce 40% of the world’s oxygen. Remaining time. Less than 25 years.
2.Canada National Glacier Park Why is it disappearing. 100 years ago, there were over 150 glaciers in the National Park. In 2005, only 27 were left, and their disappearance is forecast for 2030, if not sooner. In the 4,000 square kilometers there are 200 waterfalls and 712 lakes, of which only 131 were named. 260 species of birds, 1,132 species of plants were identified and 62 species of animals, all of which could disappear in the coming years. Remaining time. Less than 20 years.
1.Taj Mahal Why it disappears. Due to the crowded population and the pollution that pervades the white facade of the mausoleum, tourism officials in India are considering closing the seventeenth-century moment, leaving the fabulous symmetry of the building visible only from a distance. Beginning in 1632, the construction lasted 21 years, during which time 20,000 workers and over 1,000 elephants worked day and night to create one of the most impressive mausoleums in the world. Today, about four million tourists come every year in front of the white marble dome. Remaining time. Five years.